Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty
20, 4, 2021, 379-396

The impact of equipments of animal passages on their efficiency

Ewa Błazik-Borowa Mail
Lublin University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Department of Structural Mechanics, 40 Nadbystrzycka St., 20-618 Lublin
Michał Jukowski Mail
Lublin University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Department of Roads and Bridges, 40 Nadbystrzycka St., 20-618 Lublin
Janusz Bohatkiewicz Mail
Cracow University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Chair of Roads, Railways and Traffic Engineering, 24 Warszawska St., 31-155 Cracow
Janusz Rymsza Mail
Road and Bridge Research Institute, 1 Instytutowa St., 03-302 Warsaw
Published: 2021-11-22


The paper describes the impact of the individual components of animal passages on the efficiency of their use. Research was conducted with regard to four species of ungulates: elk, deer, roe deer and boar. The analyzed equipment are road lighting, shielding vegetation, rootwood and tree stumps, anti-glare shields, rocks, fencing. The analysis were made on the basis of surveys which were filled by 87 road operators. Own method of surveys answers analysis was developed and it consists of two stages. It was established that road lighting located in the vicinity of a passage negatively affected its use by the analyzed species. Anti-glare shields clearly positively influence on the efficiency of ecology road infrastructure. Shielding vegetation, rootwood and tree stumps, and anti-glare shields positively influenced on the use of animal passages. Other components do not influence on efficiency of animal passages.


animal passages, effectiveness, equipment of wildlife crossings, road ecology, ungulates.

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1. Analiza wpływu elementów wyposażenia przejść dla zwierząt na ich efektywność

  Analiza wpływu elementów wyposażenia przejść  dla zwierząt na ich efektywność
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2. Zdjęcia Autorów

  Zdjęcia Autorów
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3. Rysunki w wersji EN-PL

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The impact of equipments of animal passages on their efficiency

Błazik-Borowa, Ewa et al. The impact of equipments of animal passages on their efficiency. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 4, p. 379-396, nov. 2021. ISSN 2449-769X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 04 Dec. 2021. doi: