Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty
18, 1, 2019, 67-83

Resistance of selected aggregates from igneous rocks to alkali-silica reaction: verification

Daria Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka Mail
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research Polish Academy of Sciences, 5b Pawinskiego Str., 02-106 Warsaw
Aneta Antolik Mail
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research Polish Academy of Sciences, 5b Pawinskiego Str., 02-106 Warsaw
Kinga Dziedzic Mail
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research Polish Academy of Sciences, 5b Pawinskiego Str., 02-106 Warsaw
Michał A. Glinicki Mail
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research Polish Academy of Sciences, 5b Pawinskiego Str., 02-106 Warsaw
Karolina Gibas Mail
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research Polish Academy of Sciences, 5b Pawinskiego Str., 02-106 Warsaw
Published: 2019-03-31

Abstract

The paper presents investigations into the reactivity of aggregates from igneous rock, carried out in accordance with the procedures contained in the GDDKiA General Technical Specification "Concrete pavements". The aim of the investigations was evaluation of the suitability of the aggregates for road structures and pavements built using cement based concrete technology. Aggregates produced from extrusive rocks (basalt, melaphyre and porphyry) and from intrusive rocks (granite and gabbro) were analysed. The mineral composition of the aggregates was evaluated with regard to their reactive SiO2 content. Expansion tests on mortar bar and concrete prism specimens with analysed aggregates and a microscopic analysis of the alkali-aggregate reaction products were carried out. A considerable amount of reactive minerals: chalcedony, tridymite and microcrystalline quartz and volcanic glass were found in the grains of the porphyry and melaphyre aggregates. On the basis of the conducted investigations the two aggregates made of igneous rocks (melaphyre and porphyry) were classified into category R1 (moderately reactive). The basalt aggregate, the granite aggregate and the gabbro aggregate were assigned to category R0 (non-reactive).

Keywords


aggregate, alkali reactivity, alkali silica gel, cristobalite, igneous rocks, microcrystalline quartz, reactive minerals.

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References


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Resistance of selected aggregates from igneous rocks to alkali-silica reaction: verification

  
Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka, Daria et al. Resistance of selected aggregates from igneous rocks to alkali-silica reaction: verification. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 1, p. 67-83, mar. 2019. ISSN 2449-769X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 15 Dec. 2019. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7409/rabdim.019.005.