Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty
22, 2, 2023, 141-165

Skid resistance of road markings: literature review and field test results

Tomasz E. Burghardt Mail
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8476-3253
M. Swarovski Gesellschaft m.b.H., Wipark, 14. Straße 11, 3363 Neufurth, Austria
Birgit Köck Mail
https://orcid.org/0009-0009-9234-4647
M. Swarovski Gesellschaft m.b.H., Wipark, 14. Straße 11, 3363 Neufurth, Austria
Anton Pashkevich Mail
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4066-5440
Cracow University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Chair of Transportation Systems, 24 Warszawska St., 31-155 Cracow, Poland
Alexander Fasching Mail
https://orcid.org/0009-0002-7371-1332
M. Swarovski Gesellschaft m.b.H., Wipark, 14. Straße 11, 3363 Neufurth, Austria
Published: 2023-06-30

Abstract

Skid resistance of road markings belongs to their important performance parameters, significantly influencing the safety of all road users, particularly when the roadway is wet – yet it is very seldom addressed. A review of the sparse literature on this topic is provided herein. To demonstrate the effect of the selection of anti-skid particles on Pendulum Test Value (PTV) of road markings, a field experiment was done with five drop-on materials. Whereas PTV of the asphalt road surface was 49, covering it with a paint without any glass beads or anti-skid particles caused PTV decrease to 35; utilisation of glass beads led to an increase in PTV to 45 and the use of a mixture of glass beads with 10% of corundum provided PTV 50. The achieved initial PTV and its retention upon the usage of road markings depended on the selection of the anti-skid particles. The initial PTV were in the range of 45–65, after 10 months they decreased to 41-49 (i.e. by 6-32%). The results confirm that not all anti-skid particles are equal and that the initial PTV cannot be used to reliably predict long-term performance.

Keywords


anti-skid particles, corundum, glass beads, glass granulate, road safety, toxic elements, waterborne paint.

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Skid resistance of road markings: literature review and field test results

  
Burghardt, Tomasz E. et al. Skid resistance of road markings: literature review and field test results. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 2, p. 141-165, jun. 2023. ISSN 2449-769X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 18 Apr. 2024. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7409/rabdim.023.007.