Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty
18, 1, 2019, 51-66

Evaluation of seismic behaviour of railway bridges considering track-bridge interaction

Ehsan Dehghani Mail
University of Qom, Department of civil engineering, Khodakaram Blvd., 37195-1519 Qom, Iran
Maryam Najafi Zadeh Mail
University of Qom, Department of civil engineering, Khodakaram Blvd., 37195-1519 Qom, Iran
Azam Nabizadeh Mail
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Milwaukee, WI 53211, U.S.A
Published: 2019-03-31

Abstract

Railway bridges have historically performed well in the previous earthquakes. Although this performance has qualitatively been studied in some references such as AREMA code, no quantitative criteria has been proposed for it. Thus, this study aims to present quantitative criteria for railway bridge performance under seismic loads. In the paper, seismic behaviour of railway bridges, with and without track-bridge interaction (TBI), is calculated through finite element modeling. Pushover and incremental dynamic analyses, are utilized to assess the proposed method, considering fourteen records of the past earthquakes. The results clearly show superior performance of the proposed model with track system, in which the deck displacement, base shear, and plastic rotation decrease by 70%-90%, 20%-83%, and 85%-100%, respectively. Finally, two equations are proposed to calculate deck displacement and base shear of railway bridges without performing track-bridge interaction (TBI) by Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) of the applied record approximately.

Keywords


incremental dynamic analysis (IDA), nonlinear analysis, pushover analysis, railway bridge, track-bridge interaction (TBI).

Full Text:

PDF

References


Esveld I.C.: A better understanding of continuous welded rail track. Parameters, 1, 1996, 9-6

Bruneau M.: Performance of steel bridges during the 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu (Kobe, Japan) earthquake–a North American perspective. Engineering Structures, 20, 12, 1998, 1063-1078

Biondi B., Muscolino G., Sofi A.: A substructure approach for the dynamic analysis of train-track-bridge system. Computers & structures, 83, 28-30, 2005, 2271-2281

Bu Y.Z.: Research on the transmission mechanism of longitudinal force for highspeed railway bridges. Ph. D. Dissertation in Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, 1998

Read D., LoPresti J.: Management of rail neutral temperature and longitudinal rail forces. Railway Track and Structures, 101, 8, 2005, 18-19

Ruge P., Birk C.: Longitudinal forces in continuously welded rails on bridgedecks due to nonlinear track-bridge interaction. Computers & structures, 85, 7-8, 2007, 458-475

Xu Q.Y., Zhang X.J.: Longitudinal forces characteristic of Bogl longitudinal connected ballastless track on high-speed railway bridge [J]. Journal of Central South University: Science and Technology, 40, 2, 2009, 526-532

Yan B., Dai G.L., Zhang H.P.: Beam-track interaction of high-speed railway bridge with ballast track. Journal of Central South University, 19, 5, 2012, 1447-1453

Battini J.M., Ülker-Kaustell M.: A simple finite element to consider the non-linear influence of the ballast on vibrations of railway bridges. Engineering structures, 33, 9, 2011, 2597-2602

Dai G.L., Liu W.S.: Applicability of small resistance fastener on long-span continuous bridges of high-speed railway. Journal of Central South University, 20, 5, 2013, 1426-1433

Rauert T., Bigelow H., Hoffmeister B., Feldmann M.: On the prediction of the interaction effect caused by continuous ballast on filler beam railway bridges by experimentally supported numerical studies. Engineering Structures, 32, 12, 2010, 3981-3988

AREMA. Seismic Design For Railway Structures. American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association, Washington, United States, 2006

Khan M.A.: Earthquake-Resistant Structures: Design, Build, and Retrofit. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013

He X., Kawatani M., Hayashikawa T., Matsumoto T.: Numerical analysis on seismic response of Shinkansen bridge-train interaction system under moderate earthquakes. Earthquake engineering and engineering vibration, 10, 1, 2011, 85-97

Zhao Z., Wu G., Ali E., Wang X., Kou C.: Rock slope stability evaluation in static and seismic conditions for left bank of Jinsha River Bridge along Lijiang-Xamgyi’nyilha railway, China. Journal of Modern Transportation, 20, 3, 2012, 121-128

Yan B., Liu S., Pu H., Dai G., Cai X.: Elastic-plastic seismic response of CRTS II slab ballastless track system on high-speed railway bridges. Science China Technological Sciences, 60, 6, 2017, 865-871

Caglayan O., Ozakgul K., Tezer O., Uzgider E.: Evaluation of a steel railway bridge for dynamic and seismic loads. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 67, 8, 2011, 1198-1211

Mu D., Gwon S.G., Choi D.H.: Dynamic responses of a cable-stayed bridge under a high speed train with random track irregularities and a vertical seismic load. International Journal of Steel Structures, 16, 4, 2016, 1339-1354

Ryjáček P., Vokáč M.: Long-term monitoring of steel railway bridge interaction with continuous welded rail. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 99, 2014, 176-186

Dai G.L., Yan B.: Longitudinal forces of continuously welded track on high-speed railway cable-stayed bridge considering impact of adjacent bridges. Journal of Central South University, 19, 8, 2012, 2348-2353

Ruge P., Widarda D.R., Schmälzlin G., Bagayoko L.: Longitudinal track-bridge interaction due to sudden change of coupling interface. Computers & Structures, 87, 1-2, 2009, 47-58

UIC774-3. Track-bridge interaction. Union Internationale des Chemins de fer, Paris, 2001

EN13764-1:2002 Railway applications - Track - Rail - Part 1. European Standard, Brussles

Zhang J., Wu D.J., Li Q.: Loading-history-based track-bridge interaction analysis with experimental fastener resistance. Engineering Structures, 83, 2015, 62-73

Ryjáček P., Howlader M.M., Vokáč M., Stollenwerk B., Ondovčák P.: The rail-bridge interaction-recent advances with ERS fastening system for steel bridges. Transportation Research Procedia, 14, 2016, 3972-3981

CALTRANS. Seismic design criteria. California Department of Transportation, Sacramento, California, 2004

Shinde D., Nair Veena V., Pudale Yojana M.: Pushover analysis of multi story building. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 3, 2014, 691-693

FEMA-350 Recommended Seismic Design Criteria for new steel moment-frame buildings. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C., 2000

Bertero V.V.: Strength and deformation capacities of buildings under extreme environments. Structural engineering and structural mechanics, 53, 1, 1977, 29-79

Chopra A.K., Goel R.K.: A modal pushover analysis procedure for estimating seismic demands for buildings. Earthquake engineering & structural dynamics, 31, 3, 2002, 561-582

Chopra A.K., Goel, R.K.: A modal pushover analysis procedure to estimate seismic demands for unsymmetric plan buildings. Earthquake engineering & structural dynamics, 33, 8, 2004, 903-927

Vamvatsikos D., Cornell C.A.: Incremental dynamic analysis. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, 31, 3, 2002, 491-514

Shome N., Cornell C.A.: Normalization and scaling accelerograms for nonlinear structural analysis. Proceedings of the 6th US National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 1-12 May 1998, Seattle, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Oakland (CD-ROM)

Strong Motion Database. Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research (PEER), 2005


Evaluation of seismic behaviour of railway bridges considering track-bridge interaction

  
Dehghani, Ehsan; Zadeh, Maryam Najafi; Nabizadeh, Azam. Evaluation of seismic behaviour of railway bridges considering track-bridge interaction. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 1, p. 51-66, mar. 2019. ISSN 2449-769X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 13 Nov. 2019. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7409/rabdim.019.004.