Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty
20, 4, 2021, 413-424

State of preservation of carbonate aggregates in alkaline environment

Andrzej Dubiniewicz Mail
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, 30 Adama Mickiewicza Av., 30-059 Cracow
Published: 2021-12-07

Abstract

The article presents assessment of construction aggregates obtained from lithologically varied carbonate rocks in terms of their preservation after 100 days of immersion in 1M NaOH solution at room temperature. Aggregates showed no indication of alkali reaction in the form of dedolomitization or silica dissolution. However, it was observed that the aggregate grains had cracked. Oxidation of opaque minerals occurred in the twinning planes of dolomite found in dolosparite aggregates. It was determined that aggregates obtained from Cambrian dolomitized sparites, Devonian dolomicrites, dolosparites, biomicrites, dolomitized micrites, Carboniferous pelbiosparites and Jurassic biomicrites are chemically stable in alkaline environment.

Keywords


alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR), alkali reactivity, carbonate rocks, chemical stability of aggregates, construction aggregate.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Koh H.M., Park W., Choo J.F.: Lifetime design of long-span bridges. Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, 10, 4, 2014, 521-533, DOI: 10.1080/15732479.2013.769013

Wieland M.: Life-span of storage dams. International Water Power & Dam Construction, 62, 2010, 32-35

Freyermuth C.: Service life and sustainability of concrete bridges. Aspire - The Concrete Bridge Magazine, Fall, 2009, 12-15

Thomas M.D.A., Folliard K.J.: Concrete Aggregates and the Durability of Concrete. In: Page C., Page M. (eds). Durability of Concrete and Cement Composites. Woodhead Publishing, 2007, 247-281

Swenson E.G.: A reactive aggregates undetected by ASTM test. ASTM Bulletin, 226, 1957, 48-51

Jensen V.: The controversy of alkali carbonate reaction: state of art on the reaction mechanisms and behaviour in concrete. In: Drimalas T., Ideker J.H., Fournier B. (eds). Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in Concrete, Austin, Texas, USA, 2012

Katayama T., Jensen V., Rogers C.A.: The enigma of the ‘so-called’ alkali-carbonate reaction. Construction Materials, 169, 4, 2016, 223-232, DOI: 10.1680/jcoma.15.00071

Beyene M.A., Meininger R.C.: Alkali Reactive Carbonate Rocks: Is it Alkali Silica Reaction (ASR) or Alkali Carbonate Reaction (ACR)? Sixth International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures (ICDCS), Leeds, United Kingdom, 2019, 281-289

Gillot J.E.: Petrology of dolomitic limestones, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 74, 6, 1963, 759-778

Rogers C.A.: Evaluation of potential for expansion and cracking of concrete caused by the Alkali-Carbonate Reaction. Cement, Concrete and Aggregates, 8, 1, 1986, 13-23, DOI: 10.1520/CCA10049J

Qian G., Deng M., Lan X., Xu Z., Tang M.: Alkali carbonate reaction expansion of dolomitic limestone aggregates with porphyrotopic texture. Engineering Geology, 63, 1-2, 2002, 17-29, DOI: 10.1016/S0013-7952(01)00065-5

Farny J.A., Kerkhoff B.: Diagnosis and control of alkali-aggregate reaction in concrete. Portland Cement Association, 2007

Naeem M., Zafar T., Touseef Bilal M., Oyebamiji A.: Physical characterization and alkali carbonate reactivity (ACR) potential of the rocks from Bauhti Pind and Bajar area Hassan Abdal, Pakistan. SN Applied Sciences, 1, 7, 2019, 696, DOI: 10.1007/s42452-019-0736-5

López-Buendía A.M., Climent V., Verdú P.: Lithological influence of aggregate in the alkali-carbonate reaction. Cement and ConcreteResearch, 36, 8, 2006, 1490-1500, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2006.05.032

Owsiak Z.: Korozja wewnętrzna betonu. Monografie, Studia, Rozprawy nr M66, Politechnika Świętokrzyska, Kielce, 2015

Hadley D.W.: Alkali Reactivity of Carbonate Rocks- Expansion and Dedolomitization. Research Department Bulletin RX139, Portland Cement Association, 40, 1961, 462-474

Katayama T.: The so-called alkali-carbonate reaction (ACR) - Its mineralogical and geochemical details, with special reference to ASR. Cement and Concrete Research, 40, 4, 2010, 643-675, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2009.09.020

Katayama T.: How to identify carbonate rock reaction in concrete. Materials Characterization. 53, 2, 2004, 85-104, DOI: 10.1016/j.matchar.2004.07.002

Grattan-Bellew P.E., Mitchell L.D., Margeson J., Min D.: Is alkali-carbonate reaction just a variant of alkali-silica reaction ACR=ASR? Cement and Concrete Research, 40, 4, 2010, 556-562, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2009.09.002

Kovler K., Roussel N.: Properties of fresh and hardened concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 41, 7, 2011, 775-792, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2011.03.009

Aquino C., Inoue M., Miura H., Mizuta M., Okamoto T.: The effects of limestone aggregate on concrete properties. Construction and Building Materials, 24, 12, 2010, 2363-2368, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.05.008

Babińska J.: Trwałość kruszyw dolomitowych w aspekcie ich zastosowania do betonu. Konferencja Dni Betonu: Tradycja i Nowoczesność. Stowarzyszenie Producentów Cementu, Kraków, 2010

ASTM C586-05 Standard Test Method for Potential Alkali Reactivity of Carbonate Rocks as Concrete Aggregates (Rock-Cylinder Method)

ASTM C295/C295M-19 Standard Guide for Petro- graphic Examination of Aggregates for Concrete

Nixon P.J., Sims I. (eds): RILEM Recommendations for the Prevention of Damage by Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in New Concrete Structures. State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 219-ACS, RILEM State-of-the-Art Reports 17, Springer Netherlands, 2016, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-7252-5

Folk R.L.: Practical petrographic classification of limestones. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 43, 1, 1959, 1-38

Choquette M., Bérubé M., Locat J.: Behavior of common rock-forming minerals in a strongly basic NaOH solution. Canadian Mineralogist, 29, 1,1991, 163-173

Midgley H.G.: The Staining of Concrete by Pyrite. Magazine of Concrete Research, 10, 29, 1958, 75-78

Mielenz R.C.: Reactions of Aggregate Involving Solubility, Oxidation, Sulfates, or Sulfides. Highway Research Record, 43, 1963, 8-18

Góralczyk S.: Alkali-carbonate reaction of aggregates. Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi, 28, 1, 2012, 45-62, DOI: 10.2478/v10269-012-0003-5

Góralczyk S., Filipczyk M.: Aktualne badania reaktywności alkalicznej polskich kruszyw. Kruszywa Mineralne t.1., Wydział Geoinżynierii, Górnictwa i Geologii Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław, 2017, 31-41

Góralczyk S., Filipczyk M.: Aktualne badania reaktywności alkalicznej polskich kruszyw – część II. Kruszywa Mineralne t.2., Wydział Geoinżynierii, Górnictwa i Geologii Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław, 2018, 37-48

Glinicki M.A., Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka D., Antolik A., Dziedzic K., Gibas K.: Podatność wybranych kruszyw ze skał osadowych na reakcję alkalia-kruszywo. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, 18, 1, 2019, 5-24, DOI: 10.7409/rabdim.019.001

Grattan-Bellew P.E., Katayama T.: So-Called Alkali-Carbonate Reaction (ACR). In: Sims I., Poole A. (eds). Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete: A World Review. CRC Press/Balkema, Leiden, 2017, 63-88


1. Fotografia autora

  Fotografia autora
Download (4MB)

2. Rysunki

  Rysunki
Download (49MB)

State of preservation of carbonate aggregates in alkaline environment

  
Dubiniewicz, Andrzej. State of preservation of carbonate aggregates in alkaline environment. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 4, p. 413-424, dec. 2021. ISSN 2449-769X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 03 Dec. 2022. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7409/rabdim.021.024.